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International Journal of Clinical & Medical Images

ISSN: 2376-0249 Open Access

Alcoholic with Niacin Deficiency

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A 45 year old male truck driver by occupation chronic alcoholic, normotensive, non-diabetic, with hyper pigmented dermatological lesions on dorsum of hands, neck, scalp labeled as psoriasis with topical treatment was brought to emergency casualty with fever for 15 days. Patient was evaluated with complete blood counts showing bicytopenia (anemia and leucopenia) with absolute neutrophil count of 610 cells /μl. Chest x-ray was normal .USG abdomen was also normal except for grade 2 fatty liver.

Patient was managed as a case of febrile neutropenia without much improvement and his striking dermatological lesions and history of alcoholism warranted his management as pellagra (niacin deficiency). Patient was put on i.v niacin and after 48 hrs his counts and dermatological lesions and fever responded. Patient was continued on injectionvitcofol 1ml i.v OD ( each 1 ml contains folic acid 1.5 mg , niacin 20 mg , and vitamin B 12 50 μg ) for 1 week after which he was put on oral niacin 100 mg three times a day and advised to abstain from alcohol consumption and put on psychiatry and general medicine follow up

*Corresponding author: Pervaiz Majeed Zunga, Department of Internal Medicine, government medical college Srinagar, Karanagar, and Srinagar - 190 010, Kashmir, India, Tel: 8491046799, E-Mail: